Nebraskans Inspired to Stop Mosquito Bites as West Nile Virus Exercise Surges – Sunflower State Radio


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Lincoln, Neb. – The most recent Vector-Borne Illness Surveillance report launched on September 16 reported a excessive variety of optimistic West Nile Virus (WNV) samples detected in Nebraska’s mosquito inhabitants. 73 optimistic mosquito swimming pools have been detected out of 795 (9.2%) examined thus far within the 2022 season. That is the very best variety of optimistic mosquito swimming pools since 2018.

Mosquito swimming pools are samples of mosquitoes collected from throughout the state pooled collectively in line with species, assortment date, and assortment location and examined for WNV. Traditionally, metrics calculated from optimistic mosquito pool detections has correlated with human illness circumstances. Because of the vital improve within the variety of detected WNV optimistic swimming pools, the Nebraska Division of Well being and Human Providers (DHHS) extremely encourages Nebraskans to take preventative steps to keep away from mosquito bites.

WNV is a illness unfold to individuals by means of the chew of an contaminated mosquito. In Nebraska, it’s unfold by the Culex species of mosquitoes. Circumstances of WNV happen throughout mosquito season, which begins in the summertime and continues by means of fall. Anybody can get contaminated with WNV, however residents can cut back their threat by taking the steps under.

Use Insect Repellent

Use Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)-registered insect repellents with one of many lively components under. When used as directed, EPA-registered insect repellents are confirmed protected and efficient, even for pregnant and breastfeeding ladies.

  • DEET
  • Picaridin (referred to as KBR 3023 and icaridin exterior the US)
  • IR3535
  • Oil of lemon eucalyptus (OLE)
  • Para-menthane-diol (PMD)
  • 2-undecanone

Put on long-sleeved shirts and lengthy pants

  • Use 0.5% permethrin to deal with clothes and equipment (resembling boots, pants, socks and tents) or purchase permethrin-treated clothes and equipment.
    • Permethrin is an insecticide that kills or repels mosquitoes.
    • Permethrin-treated clothes supplies safety after a number of washings.
    • Learn product info to learn the way lengthy the safety will final.
  • If treating your self, comply with the product directions
  • Don’t use permethrin merchandise straight on pores and skin.

Take steps to regulate mosquitoes indoors and open air

  • Use screens on home windows and doorways. Restore holes in screens to maintain mosquitoes open air.
  • Use air-con, if accessible.
  • Cease mosquitoes from laying eggs in or close to water.
    • As soon as per week, empty and scrub, flip over, cowl, or throw out objects that maintain water, resembling tires, buckets, planters, toys, swimming pools, birdbaths, flowerpots, or trash containers.
    • Test for water-holding containers each indoors and open air.

Most individuals (80%) who grow to be contaminated with West Nile virus don’t develop any signs. About 20% of people who find themselves contaminated develop delicate signs and recuperate fully, however fatigue and weak point can final for weeks or months. Lower than 1% of people who find themselves contaminated develop a extreme sickness affecting the central nervous system (neuroinvasive). Of the neuroinvasive circumstances, roughly 10% are deadly.

Extreme sickness can happen in individuals of any age; nevertheless, individuals over 50 years of age are at higher threat for extreme sickness if they’re contaminated. Folks with compromised immune programs are additionally at higher threat.

Delicate indicators and signs

  • Fever
  • Headache
  • Physique aches
  • Pores and skin rash and
  • Swollen lymph glands

Extreme indicators and signs

  • Excessive fever
  • Headache
  • Neck stiffness
  • Stupor
  • Disorientation
  • Coma
  • Tremors
  • Occasional convulsions
  • Paralysis​

Extra details about WNV and threat discount might be discovered at https://dhhs.ne.gov/pages/west-nile-virus.aspx. For vector-borne illness knowledge and statistics, please go to: https://dhhs.ne.gov/Pages/Vector-Borne-Disease-Data-and-Statistics.aspx

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